Semantic memory (Hart & Kraut, 2007; Tulving & Schacter, 1990), on the other hand, is the type of memory associated with the recollection of factual information and general knowledge of world. This information is organized into networks of related concepts (Tulving & Schacter, 1990) and does not include either the context of recollection (e.g. I know that Paris is the Capital of France, but I have never been to France and I do not remember when or where I learnt that). That is, semantic memory does not involve memory of a specific event in which the self has direct experience. This type of information includes not only unchallenged knowledge of the world, but also opinions and ideologies, and it is derived from episodic memory, that is, personal experiences. Episodic and semantic are two kinds of declarative memory, that is, memories which can be consciously recalled and be communicated and shared with others.
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